18-882-R   Microgrids and New Generation Power Systems

Location: Africa

Units: 6

Semester Offered: Fall

Course description

This course covers the changing structure of power systems with renewable energy based distributed generation. Different generators, their dynamics, impacts on the power network will be covered. Furthermore, the changing paradigm with the appearance of microgrids will be discussed. The difference between grid-connected and islanded modes of operation, changing power flow, protection and stability considerations are some of the topics that will be covered.

On the other hand, “smart” aspect of microgrids will be addressed to enhance the understanding of `smartgrids`. This will include communication structure, substation communication protocols, their importance, pros-cons etc.

There will be a project which incorporates use of software such as Homer or RETScreen. This will be aimed at analyzing different situations for optimal microgrid deployment. 

Learning objectives

After tacking this class, students would be able contrast traditional power systems with microgrids and know the differences. Students will be able to assess different renewable energy based distributed generators, their characteristics, operating principles etc. With the help of project work, students will put this information into practice and come up with a microgrid design based on the available sources, demand, stability and reliability considerations. Knowledge of communication infrastructure and standards will help them connect with new-age power networks. 


After completing this course, students should be able to: 

  • Identify different characteristics of a microgrid 
  • Identify different distributed generators, their characteristics, behavior
  • Explain Microgrid Management and Protection
  • Explain Energy Market Participation of Microgrids
  • Link Communication and Measurement in Power systems with Power Flow Control
  • Be able to design small microgrids for a given set up.

Content details

  1. Renewable Energy and Microgrids
  2. Different Renewable Energy Technologies 
  3. Difference between Microgrids and Traditional Power Systems
  4. Microgrid Management and Protection
  5. Energy Markets with Microgrids
  6. Communication, Measurement and SCADA control in Microgrids


Introduction to Power Systems